A bout (an encounter between
two fencers) in any discipline, is fenced on a field of play called a
piste, measuring 2m X 14m, which is constructed of conducting material and
electrically linked to the registering apparatus.
The bout is controlled and judged by a referee.
Hits made in various forms, are
indicated via coloured lights on an electric registering and scoring
apparatus. Hits are registered via electric circuitry in the fencerís
weapons and clothing, connected to the apparatus via cabling on
spring-loaded reels. The referee awards hits, based on the indications of
the registering apparatus, and on his or her analyses of the phrasing of
the actions of the combatants.
Each discipline (weapon) has its own particular rules regarding valid or
invalid hits and phrasing.
phrasing is meant the sequence of actions executed by the combatants
i.e. attack, defence, counter-attack, renewal, stop-hit, etc., which
each have certain priorities, and which culminate in a scoring or
non scoring hit.
commencement of a bout, the referee will check that the fencerís
equipment bears the mark of the weapon check authority, and may do
further on-piste control checks.